Sometimes, you might ask yourself this question: how do rabbits see? Simple! They have a nearly 360°, dim-oriented, partially color blind, long-sighted, near-sighted, binocular, and monocular vision, all at the same time!
I, as a pet owner, have this question in my head.
The small, beady eyes of my rabbits are making me curious about their overall sight.
Luckily, I researched, and I found out that a rabbit could view the world in many ways; that is incredible!
This article will talk about how rabbits see the world around them and how their sight works.
Keep on reading to know more about their vision!
Ways On How Rabbits See
If you’re curious about how rabbits see their surroundings, then this article is for you!
In this section, we are going to fully expound on the sight of rabbits.
Let’s answer your question: how do rabbits see?
#1. Rabbits can see nearly 360°
Rabbits could see almost around them with a whopping field of vision of nearly 360°.
They have been equipped with this range of sight since they are commonly attacked by predators.
Moreover, their eyes’ placement allows them to see images from any side and even above them.
However, this vision has a slight downside.
Due to the rabbits’ eyes’ positioning, they cannot see within 10 degrees right in front of their noses and below their chin.
#2. Rabbits are dim-oriented
In pitch-black darkness, they cannot see well. However, that doesn’t mean that rabbits can’t see in dim places.
Rabbits are crepuscular, which means they are active during dawn and dusk. These days are considered slightly dark, and the soft lighting is deemed adequate for their vision.
A rabbit’s eyes have more rods compared to a human’s. This makes them better than us when it comes to seeing in slightly dark places.
Moreover, rabbit eyes do not have the tapetum lucidum tissue. It is a layer of tissue that is located behind the retina and reflects light. This allows nocturnal animals to see in the dark.
#3. Rabbits are partially color blind
Unlike humans who can see all of the colors of a rainbow, rabbits cannot see some.
I once gave my rabbit a small piece of strawberry, and he got so confused!
Through research, I learned that rabbits have trouble distinguishing between green and red.
These animals only have two color-detecting cones, which make them see a few.
#4. Rabbits are both long-sighted and near-sighted
Adding up to their vision being diverse, rabbits are also both near-sighted and long-sighted at the same time.
They are long-sighted because of their need to avoid predators in the wild.
They can see an object better when it is in the distance than when it is close to their field of vision.
However, rabbits could also be near-sighted. They could adjust their sight and focus on foods and toys for rabbits that are in front of them.
Therefore, we could safely assume that rabbits could adjust the length of their vision, depending on the subject that they focus on.
#5. Rabbits are both binocular and monocular.
Most of the time, rabbits are monocular. They only utilize one eye for their line of sight.
This explains why mostly they only see the things beside them and not in front of them.
In specific cases, rabbits could use both of their eyes to visualize what is in front of them.
These animals could use either one or both of their eyes in response to different situations. This makes them both monocular and binocular at the same time!
Vision Problems Of Rabbits
Despite rabbits having a diverse vision, they could also experience sicknesses and problems to their sight.
Below are some of the diseases that could affect the eyes of rabbits.
It is an eye disease that could also affect humans.
It is caused by a bacterial infection that could be caught from dirty cages and/or contaminated water.
This disease affects their overall vision as it makes their eyes inflamed.
This eye disease is dominant in some species of rabbits.
Your pets could develop this during their early stages of childhood (three to six months).
If it is left untreated, it could worsen and lead to total blindness.
Cataracts are a disease that could be caused by genetics, infection, or a bad diet.
Moreover, this makes their overall sight blurry.
They could commonly experience bumping into other things when they have this illness.
Symptoms Of Bad Vision
Your rabbit can have these problems and illnesses. When the vision of your rabbit becomes terrible, there are a few symptoms that you should notice.
They would commonly bump into stuff accidentally, despite them being familiar inside a typical environment. This is because of blurry and/or obstructed vision.
Furthermore, your rabbit could become more cautious and anxious than their past behavior.
Since a rabbit’s vision is compromised, it would have heightened senses regarding the surrounding environment and approaching humans or animals.
The last symptom of impaired vision would be a delayed response to a particular stimulus.
Your rabbit would likely and commonly neglect any toys, objects, or food you put within their area.
What should I do if my rabbits experience any vision problems?
If your pets have been experiencing any of the stated symptoms, you should immediately consult a veterinarian.
An early approach and response to these problems would minimize any further casualties that could destroy your rabbit’s vision.
Can all rabbits see?
Depending on their genetics and any possible sight-related problems they could’ve been experiencing, all rabbits can see.
However, newborn rabbits cannot since they keep their eyes closed for about a week.
How can I improve my rabbit’s vision?
A rabbit’s vision could be improved in several ways.
First, supplying their diet with a constant and adequate Vitamin A source, such as in carrots, could improve their sight.
Furthermore, positioning their homes and/or cages in places that aren’t too bright nor too dark could maximize the potential of their vision.
Does age affect a rabbit’s vision?
Yes. Aging for rabbits make their eyes deteriorate, making them have a blurrier or unclear outlook towards their surrounding environment.
A younger rabbit most likely has a better vision than an older one.
How do rabbits see?
They see a nearly 360°, dim-oriented, partially color blind, long-sighted, near-sighted, binocular, and monocular vision.
This makes their sight better than the rest of the animal kingdom.
Attending to the needs of your pets is a must. Through this article, you and your rabbits would have a clearer and brighter relationship. Good luck and best wishes!